Welcome to the UK List of
TeX Frequently Asked Questions
on the Web
Making an index is not trivial; what to index, and how to index it, is
difficult to decide, and uniform implementation is difficult to
achieve. You will need to mark all items to be indexed in your text
It is not practical to sort a large index within TeX, so a
post-processing program is used to sort the output of one TeX run,
to be included into the document at the next run.
The following programs are available:
- Comes with most distributions — a good workhorse,
but is not well-arranged to deal with other sort orders than the
canonical ASCII ordering.
The makeindex documentation is a good source of
information on how to create your own index. Makeindex can
be used with some TeX
macro packages other than LaTeX, such as
Eplain, and TeX (whose macros can
be used independently with Plain TeX).
- for LaTeX under VMS; idxtex comes
with a glossary-maker glotex.
- A witty little shell-script using sed
and awk; designed for LaTeX under Unix.
- The Texinfo system also offers a program
texindex, whose source is to be found in the
texinfo distribution. The ltxindex package
provides macros that enable LaTeX users to use this
- arose from frustration at the difficulty of making a
multi-language version of makeindex. It is designed to
be a successor to makeindex, by a team that included the
then-current maintainer of makeindex. It successfully
addresses many of makeindex’s shortcomings, including
difficulties with collation order in different languages, and it is
Xindy itself will work with Unicode (UTF-8) encoded
LaTeX input. A separate application (texindy) deals
with ‘standard’ LaTeX source, processes it and passes
‘sanitised’ text to Xindy.
- indexing/glo+idxtex (or browse the directory); catalogue entry
- macros/latex/contrib/ltxindex (or browse the directory); catalogue entry
- indexing/makeindex (or browse the directory); catalogue entry
- makeindex (Macintosh)
- texindex (the script)
- indexing/texindex (or browse the directory); catalogue entry
- texindex (the program)
with macros/texinfo/texinfo (or browse the directory); catalogue entry
- texsis (system)
- macros/texsis (or browse the directory); catalogue entry
- texsis (makeindex support)
- indexing/xindy; catalogue entry
previous question, or
Go to FAQ home.
URL for this question: http://www.tex.ac.uk/cgi-bin/texfaq2html?label=makeindex
Comments, suggestions, or error reports? - see
“how to improve the FAQ”.
This is FAQ version 3.28, released on 2014-06-10.